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Saint Patrick’s Day

Hoje é feriado. Na Irlanda. É o dia do patrono do país, o dia de Saint Patrick. Celebra-se a chegada do Cristianismo à Irlanda, assim como a cultura e história irlandesa. É a festividade nacional mais celebrada fora de portas do que qualquer outra. Há paradas e festivais em todo o mundo, desde os Estados Unidos à Nova Zelândia. É costume celebrar-se com cerveja, e nada é mais típico e mundialmente conhecido do que a cerveja Guinness.

E a propósito do tema, a Mashable publicou uma reportagem sobre a cervejaria, com fotos de 1953 tiradas por um fotógrafo da Picture Post (a Life inglesa). A não perder.

(mais fotos no link)

A 'smeller' sniffs scalded casks to check their cleanliness, at the Guinness brewery at St. James's Gate, Dublin, 22nd August 1953. Original publication: Picture Post - 6666 - Ireland's National Drink - pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

A ‘smeller’ sniffs scalded casks to check their cleanliness, at the Guinness brewery at St. James’s Gate, Dublin, 22nd August 1953. Original publication: Picture Post – 6666 – Ireland’s National Drink – pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: Workers at the Guinness brewery at Saint Jame's Gate, Dublin, hosing down barrels Original Publication: Picture Post - 6666 - Ireland's National Drink - pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: Workers at the Guinness brewery at Saint Jame’s Gate, Dublin, hosing down barrels Original Publication: Picture Post – 6666 – Ireland’s National Drink – pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: A worker at the Guinness brewery at Saint Jame's Gate, Dublin, taking a rest after cleaning out a 'Kieve'. Original Publication: Picture Post - 6666 - Ireland's National Drink - pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: A worker at the Guinness brewery at Saint Jame’s Gate, Dublin, taking a rest after cleaning out a ‘Kieve’. Original Publication: Picture Post – 6666 – Ireland’s National Drink – pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: Workers at the Guinness brewery at Saint Jame's Gate, Dublin, watch as yeast is skimmed off the top of the beer before it is passed to vats for maturing. Original Publication: Picture Post - 6666 - Ireland's National Drink - pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: Workers at the Guinness brewery at Saint Jame’s Gate, Dublin, watch as yeast is skimmed off the top of the beer before it is passed to vats for maturing. Original Publication: Picture Post – 6666 – Ireland’s National Drink – pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: Eugene Hackett, a worker at the Guinness brewery on the banks of the Liffey at St James' Gate, Dublin, leaning on a barrow which is used to take malt samples from one part of the brewery to another. Four-fifths of Ireland's beer is brewed at this site. Original Publication: Picture Post - 6666 - Ireland's National Drink - pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

22nd August 1953: Eugene Hackett, a worker at the Guinness brewery on the banks of the Liffey at St James’ Gate, Dublin, leaning on a barrow which is used to take malt samples from one part of the brewery to another. Four-fifths of Ireland’s beer is brewed at this site. Original Publication: Picture Post – 6666 – Ireland’s National Drink – pub. 1953 (Photo by Bert Hardy/Picture Post/Getty Images)

 

http://mashable.com/2016/03/17/guinness-brewery

In 1759, Irish brewer Arthur Guinness signed a lease on a disused four-acre brewery at St. James’s Gate in Dublin. The annual rent was £45, and the lease was good for a period of 9,000 years.

Brewing only ales, the business grew, and exported its first shipment to England 10 years after signing the lease.

In 1799, noting the rising popularity of dark beers favored by Dublin’s porters, Guinness decided to switch over from brewing ales to dark “porter” beers, which would evolve over the years into the famous Guinness stout.

At the turn of the 20th century, the company began hiring scientists to tweak and explore recipes and brewing processes. Chemist Alexander Forbes-Watson established a research laboratory at St. James Gate, which was soon followed by an experimental brewhouse and malting.

On Aug. 22, 1953, a photographer for the Picture Post went inside St. James’s Gate, by that time one of the biggest breweries in the world, producing 80% of the country’s beer. There, he documented the process by which water, malt, barley, hops and yeast were milled, mashed, boiled, fermented, filled and poured into casks of Ireland’s iconic drink.

E como no final de contas hoje é o dia de São Patrício, beba uma pint (ou meia):

St Patrick's Day

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Saint Patrick’s Day